Habit:Deciduous shrub with light gray bark. Rarely 20 ft. in height.Leaves:Alternate, simple with crenate to serrate margins, 1 - 4 in. long, and 1/2 - 2 in. wide.Flowers:Male flowers are borne in clusters, and the female flowers are solitary. Dioecious. Fruit:Mature fruit is red, 3/16 - 5/16 in. in diameter. Habitat:Found in mixed woods, and sand ridges.
Habit:Evergreen tree, with gray, smooth trunk, reaching a height of 40 feet. Leaves:Alternate, simple, 1 1/4 - 5 1/2 in. long, margins entire to toothed, tips have a small bristle.Flowers:Small, white, with four petals. Dioecious. Fruit:Red, yellow, or orange berries, 1/4 - 3/8 in. in diameter.Habitat:Edges of rivers, and streams, wet hammocks, and moist sites.
Habit:Deciduous understory tree up to 32 ft. Leaves:Alternate, simple, spatulate to obovate, from 1 - 3 in. long and 1/2 - 1 3/4 in. wide, margins are entire to crenate. Flowers:Found singly, or a small cluster in the leaf axils. Dioecious. Fruit:Red, yellow, or orange, 3/16 - 3/8 in. in diameter, with a 3/4 in. long stalk.Habitat:Flood plains, wet thickets, infrequently on well drained slopes or ridges
Habit:Evergreen shrub to 9 ft. Spreads by underground runners.Leaves:Margins entire to somewhat toothed, elliptic to slightly obovate, 1 3/8 - 2 in. long.Flowers:Dioecious. Mostly singly in the leaf axils.Fruit:Black, 3/16 - 1/4 in. in diameter.Habitat:Pine savannas, flatwoods, bogs, seepage areas, and acid prairies.
Habit:An evergreen tree reaching 50 ft. in height.Leaves:Alternate, simple, thick & leathery, dark green, 1 1/8 - 4 3/4 in. long and 3/4 - 2 1/8 in. wide, margins spiny toothed with sharp bristles.Flowers:Dioecious. Small and arising at the leaf axils.Fruit:Bright red and 1/4 - 1/2 in. in diameter.Habitat:Mesic, sub-mesic, river banks, and flood plain woods.
Habit:Evergreen shrub or small bushy tree, may reach 25 ft.. Sprouts appear at the roots commonly forming dense thickets.Leaves:Alternate, simple, dark green, elliptic to oval, 1/4 - 1 1/8 in. long and 1/4 - 1 in. wideFlowers:Dioecious. Small and borne in the axils.Fruit:Bright red berry, 1/4 in. in diameterHabitat:Coastal dunes, woodlands, pine flatwoods. It generally inhabits well drained soils, but can be found along streams and wet woodlands.